Electrical wiring of buildings, stationary machines and other equipment and is specialized in doing it is called an electrician. Installation of new equipment, maintenance, and repair of existing equipment is done by electricians. Universities, Colleges, job training, and other higher level qualification institutions help in training of electricians to equip them with knowledge and skills on electrical systems. Licensing of electricians is key in ensuring credibility when they are carrying out their different operations. There are different types of electrician including residential, commercial and dock electrician.
The key mandate of residential electricians is to ensure installation and maintenance of electrical systems in areas of residential occupancy such as family homes, apartments and hotels, and motels. Installation and maintenance of electrical systems in residential areas as well as installation of electrical appliances and equipment that do not exceed 240 volts is done by residential electricians. Their operations mostly include residential wiring, installation of power outlets and sockets, installing special circuits for appliances, installing residential safety features such as security surveillance systems. Occupants safety should be in the fore front of installation and maintenance of electrical systems.
Commercial buildings is where commercial electricians are required to install, design and maintain the electrical instruments in the building including those that control the power, lighting, and heating as well as air conditioning and refrigeration units. They prepare plans and diagrams showing how the piping is to be done as required by the local electrical codes or they can work with the engineering and architectural designs from the contractors in case of a new building where they are doing new installation. Once the plans are made, the pipes are installed and then the electrical wiring is done ensuring that the wiring is continuous to enhance compatibility, safety and proper performance of the system.
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Lighting in a vessel installed by a docking electrician is important as it ensures safe docking of a vessel as well as loading and off-loading. Being prepared while in a vessel during darkness entails proper lighting of the dock as well as lifts in the vessel done by a dock electrician. Care should be enhanced during installation and maintenance of dock and boat lift lighting whose electrical components are located in water and in case of any mistake they can produce electric currents in water causing electrocution in case somebody touches the water. Proper illumination should be enhanced to minimize the occurrence of accidents when the sun goes down and solar lighting should be avoided since it is not highly reliable as it does not provide enough lighting.
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Professionals in any given field of electrical installation and maintenance systems should always ensure safety of the occupants. Electrician job can make one highly recommendable to become an electrical engineer.